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Farnifold Green

Male 1674 - 1714  (39 years)

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  • Name Farnifold Green 
    Birth 30 May 1674  St. Stephen's Parish, Northumberland, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Death 1714  Greens Creek, Craven, North Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I5197  tng Genealogy

    Father Timothy Green,   b. 1650, Northumberland, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 1680, Northumberland, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 30 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Anne Farneffold,   b. Between 1656 and 1657, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 1680, Northumberland, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location (Age ~ 24 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Marriage 1673  Northumberland, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F2058  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • One of the founders and first settlers of Craven County was Farnifold Green (1674-1714), who came to North Carolina in 1697 from the south bank of the Potomac River, in Northumberland County, Va. where his father Timothy had settled about 1664. Timothy Green, apparently an emigrant from England, married a daughter or sister of the Rev. John Farnifold, who was one of the first trustees of the College of William and Mary. Young Farnifold’s brother Titus journeyed with him to North Carolina but left no descendants.

      Farnifold Green was living in Tuscarora in 1701 and had a brother TitusGreen who settled on the north side of the Neuse prior to 1707. He alsohad a brother named James. Farnifold Green made his will in 1711 andrefered to his home as being located near Piney Point on Lower BroadCreek. In 1697 Farinfold Green starts to show up as newly arrived fromCarolina. He was born in 1674 in Northumberland County, Virginia.Farinfold Green's will, dated October 26, 1711, named his children:Thomas, John, Farniford, Janes, Elizabeth, and Jane Green. FarinfoldGreen died after February 16, 1712, he signed a petition after that date.

      Farnifold Green married a lady named Hannah, but her last name is inquestion. Some say her maiden name was Kent, and some say Consolvo. Whatever her maiden name, she married a Mr. Smithwick before marring Farnifold Green in 1693. After Farnifold Green was killed in about 1714 by the Indians, his widow must have married Capt. Richard Graves, whose will is dated April 11, 1730. Richard Graves was the brother of Thomas Graves who married Sara Turner. Thomas Graves was an officer of theVirginia Company and came to Virginia in the fall of 1608.

      I give, Devise & bequeath all yt Tract of Land whereon my now Dwelling House stand w’th all its buildings Improvem’ts & appurtenances, beginning at a Live Oak w’th Severall Forks Standing at ye upper Side of ye firstlong Gutt below my house, near ye Mouth of ye Gutt being w’th severalmarks; thence running up ye River to a Corner Pine betwixt me & ____Dawson, Esqr., Standing near a small Marsh & by ye Dawsons old Corn Feildfence, & running from ye forementioned Live Oak up ye afst. Gutt; thenceinto ye woods No. untill three quarters of a mile from ye River beCompleated; thence by a Line run an equal Distance from ye River to yeafsd. Dawsons Line. And also, one Plantacon and all my lands Lying yeLower side of broad Creek on ye No. side of Neus River, neer to Pineypoint & near ye mouth of ye sd. River, unto my Son, Thos. Green, & to yeheirs of his Body for ever.

      I give, Devise, & bequeath a Plantacon, with a Tract of land Beginning at a Live Oak neer to ye mouth of ye Gutt aforesd. so running down ye sd. River of Neus three quarters of a mile, thence No. Cross into ye Woods half a mile, and from ye aforementioned Live Oak No. One mile, And from there to ye End of ye Lower half mile Line, with all the Improvem’ts &Appurtenances thereto belonging; And also, my Entry and right to oneTract of Land Lying and being on ye lower side of ye first broad Creekabove Captn. Jams. Beards Creek, begining a quarter of a Mile above yeIndian landing, by Computation thence down ye sd. Creek half a mile, withall ye Priviledges & appurtenances thereto belonging unto my Son, JohnGreen, & to ye Heirs of his Body for ever; And for want of such Heirs tomy Son, Farnifold Green, & the heirs of his Body for ever; & for want of heirs of ye sd. Farnifold Green, to my son, James Green, & ye Heirs ofhis body for ever; & for want of Heirs of ye sd. Jams. Green, to my two Daughters, Elizabeth & Jane Green, & their Heirs for ever.

      I give, divise & bequeath a Tract of Land begining at my cupper Corner Tree, on ye Creek, & running down ye Creek to ye first branch below the Plantation whereon his Brother, Titus Green now Lives; thence to ye forkof ye sd. branch, & thence up ye Westermist parts of ye branch to ye heada line parele’ll ye head line quite a Cross to ye aforesaid Dawsons Line,unto him ye sd. Titus Green, and his Heirs for ever. All ye rest of myland in Greens Neck, whereon I now Live, I Give, divise & bequeath to mytwo Sonns, Farnifold & Jam’s Green, to be divided into two Equall parts by a Line Drawn from ye No. Most Corner of Jno. Green’s Land to ye, Vizt: the upper part to Farnifold & ye heirs of his body for ever, and ye other part to James & ye heirs of his body for ever, reserving to James
      Egress & Regress into ye Woods through Farnifolds parts. And also, I give, divise & bequeath unto my son, Farnifold, One Tract of Land Lyingin Green point neck on ye No. Side of Neus River & unto ye Heirs of hisbody for ever.

      I Give, divise & bequest ye Lower survey of Land wch. I made in Greensbay of ye No. Side of Neus River to him & ye heirs of his body for ever,Provided yt in my Will, yt in Case my Son Farnifold should dye without Heirs of his Body, then all ye land hereby Divided unto him shall decend, be & remain unto my sd. Son, James & ye Heirs of his Body for ever; AndIn Case my se. Son James should dye without heirs of his Body as aforesaid, then all ye Land Divided unto my Sons, Farnifold and James,shall Descend and be, remain unto my Two Daughters, Elizabeth & Jane, & to their Heirs for ever.

      I Give, Divise & Bequeath unto my Daughter in Law, Ann Smithick, one Tract of Land Lying on ye No. side Neus River, Called Nottingame points,yes: Two hundred & fifty Acres, to her & her Heirs forever.

      I Give, divise & queath all ye rest of my Lands, Tenements orhereditam’ts, not hereby before Divided I Give, divise & bequeath unto my Loving Wife, Hannah Green, & her heirs for ever.

      I Give & bequeath unto my Son, Thos. a Young black Mare branded with F G& a Young gray Horse branded with F G on ye neer Butlock, and my bullet Gun, one Feather Bed & boulter, one Pillow, one Rugg & two blankets & two sheets.
      And unto my son Jno. One Negro Woman Called Fillis, one Trumpett mussel Gun, One Gray Mare ab’t. two Years olf, branded w’th F G on ye neerbutlock. And unto my Som, Farnifold, One Bay Mare branded w’th F G & herCoult
      w’ch is now by her Side, & one half of a Sixty pound Bill of Exchange now sent to Virginia, In Order for to be sent for England, & a Couple of Cowsw’th Cow Calves, & my black Gunn, to be mark’d in his proper Mark ye next Spring after
      my Decease; ye Guns to be deliver’d to each of them well fixt & in good Order. And to my Son, James, One Sorrel Mare branded w’th F G on ye nearbuttock, and her Coult by her Side, & one Negro man Call’d Nick, and he other half of ye afsd. Sixty pound Bill of Ex. as aforsd. And my Will isyt my sons abovementioned’ shall be Deem’d at full Age when they shallarrive at ye Age of Eighteen years respectively. And to my two Daughters, Eliz. & Jane Green, I give & bequeath four young Cows w’thCow Calves with their female Increase to mark’d in their proper marks ye next Spring after my Decease.
      All ye rest of my goods & Chattells, rights & Creditts, my Debts beingpd. funerall Charges Defray’d, I Give, & Bequeath unto my Loving Wife,Hannah Green, whom I also make 7 appoint my Sole Executrix of ys my last Will & Testamn’t & utterly making Void all Wills & Testam’ts by mehereafter made.
      In Testimony whereof, I have hereunto fixt my hand & Seale, this 26th.day of October, Anno Dom., 1711.

      Farnifold is listed with Nicholas Tyler & family coming to North Carolina5 July 1697. (N.C. Hist. & Gen. Reg. April 1901, p.299)

      He married soon after Hannah Kent Smithwick, widow of John Smithwick of Bath County, N.C., who died testate (with a will) in 1696 naming his wife"Hanna" and daughter "Sarah" (Ann?) as his beneficiaries. John and Hannah were Quakers. (Grimes p.349)

      Farnefold Green and his wife Hannah, appear frequently among the early records of Bath County (later, Beaufort). One of the earliest transactions is that of 15 August 1698 when Fornyfeild Green and wife Hannah, James Hogg and wife Ann, Thomas Pierce and wife Mary, for 40 sell to William Long (all four men are brothers-in-law) their interest of 250 acres of land of Lawrence Consolvo, deceased. Land lays by a creek called Indian Creek in Yeopim River, Perquimaimans Precinct, Albermarle County, NC Deed registered Jan 1699. (Perquimans Co./Beaufort Co. Book 1 page 9)
      i. 1 July 1701, Furnifold Green deeds to James Hogg (hisbrother-in-law) part of entry of land made by him 2 April 1698.(Beaufort Co. records at Washington, N.C., Book I p.3)
      ii. 9 September 1701, Furnefold Green has 550 acres surveyed and laidout for him for the transportation of 15 persons. (Beaufort Co. Book Ip.6)
      iii. 12 December 1701, Furrnifold Green "lays five rites upon an entrymade by sonne Thomas on 17 Nov 1701, land called Nonowarrittsa.(Beaufort Co. Court Records, Book I p.9)
      iv. 7 July 1706, Furnifold Green and wife Hannah sell land toChristopher Dawson on Neuse River. (Beaufort Co. Court Records, Book I, p. 101)
      v. 1707, Lord's Proprietors grant 1700 acres to Farnefold Green on the north side of the Neuse River, now Craven County, N.C.
      vi. 27 June 1708, Furnifold Green and his wife Hannah, of Parish of St. Thomas in Ardel, Bath County, sell land to Christopher Dawson.
      vii. 8 October 1708, Furnifold Green sells land to John Putnall witnessed by Christopher Dawson (Beaufort Co. Court Records Book I,p.103)

      A little historical background to our story: Note that in 1708 Furnifold and Hanah are of Parish of St. Thomas, Bath County. St. Thomas Parish was formed in 1701 soon after the Church of England was designated as the established church of the province. It was the recipient of a collection of 1,000 books and was for a long time the only public library in North Carolina, which was unique for a frontier settlement, and became the pride of St. Thomas Church. The volumes, neatly bound in gold-tooled leather, were a combination of parochial and laymen's selections covering subjects including history, biography, natural sciences, medicine, geography, classical literature, poetry, heraldry and sports, as well as those of a religious nature.

      St. Thomas Parish was slow to take physical shape, though it had a library, a plot set aside for a church, and the colony's only "Glebe" of 300 acres (Glebes were farms set aside for the use of Anglican Ministers), which had been granted to the parish in 1706 to encourage the settlement of a Church of England Minister at Bath. Except for an occasional visit from a clergyman, St. Thomas Church did not acquire its first minister until 1719, and construction of St. Thomas Church was not begun until 1734.

      For decades the Society of Friends (Quakers) was the sole representative of organized religion in Bath. In the early days most dissenters from the Anglican faith were the Quakers established in the colony in 1672.

      Conflict between politically motivated religious factions had been long brewing and finally erupted into armed warfare known as the Cary Rebellion. The English concept of a state-church being the issue at stake signifying the beginning Of the separation of church and state in North Carolina.

      The Quakers were firmly entrenched in the colony dominating all branches of government and when the requirement for declaring loyalty to the Church of England was reinstated, Quakers were barred from office because of their religious conviction.

      They had previously been exempt from swearing an Oath of Allegiance to the Crown. Governor Thomas Cary showed a preference for the Quaker side and he and the Quakers ruled the province in an atmosphere of tension from 1708 to 1711, until the Lord's Proprietors appointed Edward Hyde as Deputy Governor of North Carolina and the opposing governments battled until Cary's rebellion collapsed.

      This disrupting effect of war nearly ceased government and the courts during the 3 years of debate and bloodshed. Coupled with a severe drought in the summer of 1711, as well as the raging epidemic of yellow fever, the settlement was left weak and exhausted and vulnerable to attack by the Indians, who meanwhile were gathering strength with guns and ammunition. The dominant Indian power in eastern North Carolina was that of the Tuscaroras who at first were friendly to the white settlers. As the settlers increasingly moved onto the Indians's land, kidnapping and enslaving their people and subjecting them to insulting treatment, resentment and hatred of the settlers of Bath County developed and intensified, culminating in the decision to destroy all settlers and their plantations and crops. The Tuscaroras, under their leader King Hancock, struck 22 September 1711, and for three days slaughtered over190 whites, taking prisoner 20 to 30 settlers who were living along the Pamlico, Neuse and Trent Rivers.

      It was with this background of uncertainty and fear, that Farnifold Green and others made out their wills. Farnifold's the 26th of October 1711. The Indians for the next three years would raid three or four families at a time, retreating into the swamps making it impossible to follow them. This problem continued until the government finally turned from the policy of extermination of the hostiles, to one of peaceful agreement. On 11 February 1715, a treaty of peace was made with the surviving hostile Indians and they were assigned a reservation on Lake Mattamuskeett in Hyde County, thus ending the Tuscarora War, however, too late for our Farnifold Green who was massacred in 1714 at age 40.

      Furnifold Green, Planter, made out his will 26 October 1711 and it is recorded in Book 2 p.10 of the old Bath County records. He divided his many acres of land and plantations between his sons and daughters when they reached the age of 18. He left the plantation he lived on to his wife Hannah, and 250 A. to his step-daughter Ann Smithwick.

      A letter from Governor Pollock dated 3 October 1712 "appoints Furnifold Green to Captain, Commissary, to impress and supply the army with anything that is to be had in the County of Bath". At that time Bath County included what is now Craven, Beaufort, Carteret, Onslow, Pamlico, Lenoir, Greene, Wayne, Johnston and Wake Counties.

      In 1714, Farnefold with his son Thomas, one white servant and two Negroes, were murdered on his 1700 acre plantation by the Tuscarora Indians. Another son was shot through the shoulder but managed to escape. The plantation, house, stock of cattle and hogs, were plundered and entirely destroyed by the Indians.

      His widow Hannah later married her third husband, Richard Graves, Surveyor and citizen of Craven precinct. He made the "Plat of Lots of Point Beaufort", now considered one of the most beautiful of the old towns of North Carolina. Richard Graves died in 1730 naming his wife Hannah Executrix.